iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas <p><em>iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences (iJETBAS)</em> is a Multidisciplinary peer review open access journal dedicated to the exchange of the latest academic research and practical information on all aspects of Natural Sciences and Applied Sciences. The focus of this journal is on the identification of innovative information and Knowledge enhancement within the disciplines of Natural Science and Applied Sciences, driven by the application of theoretical concepts to real-world situations. The journal publishes original research and case studies by academic, business, and government contributors on strategies, tools, techniques, and technologies for publication.</p> <p>Our peer-review is very fast and highly rigorous and authors are carried along adequately in all the publication processes. We inform the author(s) about the decision on their manuscript(s) within <strong>2-3 WEEKS</strong> of submission. Following acceptance, paper(s) will be immediately available online after the necessary format.</p> <p>ISSN (Online): 2701-7109<br />ISSN (Print): 2701-7168</p> iKSP Publishers en-US iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences 2701-7168 Underground Cable Fault Distance Locator over GSM Technology https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas/article/view/54 <p><strong>Underground cabling system is much preferred system of cabling. In this system cables carrying electricity or data are buried under the earth surface. This makes it secure as the wires are not open to get in touch with humans directly. Direct contact can harm human in case of electricity and they also may get damaged if they get intact with something rigid or hard. The proposed system is developed to locate the faults which underground cabling systems experience. The proposed system will locate the errors automatically which is time saving process and also uses GPS to track the exact location of the error and uses GSM to send this information of the area of the fault and at what wire the fault has occurred. This makes proposed system beneficial for underground cabling scenarios so that just sitting at a remote location the exact wire and its exact fault location is tracked and the administration is informed about it. </strong></p> Nabiha Roshan Rahat Ali Khan Langah Sohail Ayoob Copyright (c) 2020 iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/ 2021-02-11 2021-02-11 1 1 1 7 Text to Animation for Sign Language of Urdu and Sindhi https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas/article/view/60 <p>Sign language is a nonverbal gesture-based language used by deaf and dumb people to communicate. The use of hand gestures to form symbols that correspond letters and words are the main mode of communication for the people who are unable to speak. Learning such unique language is a huge problem and very difficult as no verbal information is used, only hand gestures are required in a particular form and shape. In this research work the aim was to use multimedia learning principles to teach and facilitate a normal person to learn and be able to communicate with the deaf and dump persons. The system uses a Test tot animation approach, where the normal person types in a text which will then display a corresponding animation of the hand gestures translating the text into sign language. The 3D animation was done with virtual avatar and a android app was developed to integrate the animation of sign gestures with user controlled text app. The learning section of the app includes various tutorials and infographics on sign language in three different languages, including alphabets, (Sindhi alphabets, Urdu alphabets, English alphabets), Numbers, Fruits names, Body parts names and basic communication sentences with their relevant 3D gesture animation. The final application is a great aid for communication and tool for learning sign language.</p> Zeeshan Bhatti Faiz Muhammad Hafiz Abid Mahmood Malik Muzafar Hussain Haseena Chandio Seema Channa Zarqa Mahar Copyright (c) 2020 iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences 2021-02-11 2021-02-11 1 1 08 14 Cyber security for Industrial Control System – A Survey https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas/article/view/69 <p>The prevention of PCs, servers, cell phones, electronic frameworks, systems, and knowledge from noxious assaults is known as cyber security. This paper contains a thorough Cyber Security for Industrial Control Systems (ICS), secondly, during this paper, we review the characteristics and reference models of commercial system and analyze security status of commercial system. Moreover, we discuss the key works, ICS and SCADA and Industrial IOT. A compromise to ICS can result in enormous physical harm and danger to human live. During this work, we've an in depth take a look at vulnerability in a form of Operational Dark trace Technology involving the passive observation, Visibility Into ICS, Dark trace proof of values and Coordination of sensors and actuators used to track and control physical processes. Furthermore, we discussed about defensive properties, active safety and passive tracking security policies for these security issues. Lastly, explicitly we center on examining and evaluating the various sorts and structures of an ICS, security necessities, various dangers assaults, and existing answers for secure Industrial control frameworks. By this review, we want to give an away from of security issues in ICS and explain the diverse exploration issues to solve later on.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Attaullah Rahat Ali Khan Shaheryar Mughal Copyright (c) 2020 iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences 2021-02-11 2021-02-11 1 1 15 21 Effect of Treatment with Electric Field Pulse on the Extraction of Polyphenols https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas/article/view/90 <p>The Pulsed electric field (PEF) is recently used in medicine for the treatment of cancers and tumors in addition to this it is widely used in the food industry as a pre-treatment of the food for the conservation and extraction of vegetal compounds. This paper addresses the application of electrical pulsed generator to extract the polyphenol from vegetal component like the thyme. An experimental study is done and compared to other classical methods. The simulation of the electric field between two flat electrodes gives the optimum value of the electric field which must be applied. t is observed that during treatment with PEF, the temperature increases according to the treatment time, because of the heat dissipated by the joules effect which causes increase in the conductivity of the medium which improves the extraction of polyphenols provided that it must not exceed 50C °. The results found shows that the quantity taken out and the performance of extraction, polyphenol are greater after treatment by Pulsed electric field.</p> Regad Mohamed Sidi Brahim Ahmed LEMRABOUT Rachid Taleb Copyright (c) 2021 iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences 2021-02-11 2021-02-11 1 1 22 29 Comparative study of MPPT control algorithms of a PV system: Modeling and simulation https://iksp.org/journals/index.php/ijetbas/article/view/101 <p>The proper operation of a photovoltaic installation depends on meteorological conditions such as lighting and temperature, in fact, for example in a mobile station supplied by a photovoltaic source, the power delivered by the PV generator undergoes fluctuations during the change of direction or during passage in poorly sunny places. In other words, a good photovoltaic installation is one where the power delivered by the photovoltaic generator is maximum whatever the conditions of use. In this document, we first presented generalities on the PV system, then we proceeded to model the PV panel and we used several techniques of MPPT control namely P&amp;O and we found that it presents that this method still presents drawbacks require improvement for this we have introduced neural networks in order to limit the drawbacks of the P&amp;O method, Finally, we made a comparison between the two techniques presented and analyzed.</p> Rachid Taleb Ismail Bouyakoub Fayçal Mehedi Copyright (c) 2021 iKSP Journal of Emerging Trends in Basic and Applied Sciences 2021-02-11 2021-02-11 1 1 30 37