Peer Review Policy

iKSP Journal of Business and Economics (iJBE) strictly follows a peer review process, comprising the following steps:

  • All papers submitted to the iJBE are first examined by an Editor for the initial review. The editor in chief may assign an Associate Editors to review the quality and scope of the submitted manuscript. If the article fails to meet the journal criteria, the paper is rejected immediately and authors are notified.
  • Once the paper is submitted, the editor or Associate editor ensures that the paper follows the blind peer review policy.
  • If the paper satisfies the criteria, then the editor or associate editor will send the article to at least (02) reviewers for review. Each article will be reviewed international reviewers with a peer review policy.
  • Reviewers are recruited from international universities having a PhD with reputed research profile (checked through Google Scholar and Research Gate) for the given area/ field of submitted article. 
  • Each reviewer is initially invited to review the article showing them the article title and abstract only. Upon acceptance of the review request the full paper is presented and a review form is used to record their feedback and suggestions through online management system.
  • The reviewers' recommendations will determine whether to “Accept Submission”, “Revision Required”, “Resubmit for Review” or “Decline Submission”. The final decision if made by the Editor based on the reviewers’ report.
  • Once the decision has been made, the review response - including the review form and suggestion, are sent to all authors of the article with editorial decision. The same email is then forwarded (BCC) to all reviewers and Associate Editors corresponding the article for ensuring transparency and high standards.
  • For the papers which require only revisions, the Associate or Technical editor will re-review the paper for ensuring that the reviewer’s suggestions have been incorporated or not.
  • For papers that require resubmission for review, will undergo second Round of review by the same or different reviewers to ensure that the quality of the revised paper is acceptable.
  • After final Acceptance, the Author/Corresponding author will be notified and paper will be forwarded to technical editors for copy-editing, layout editing and proof reading.

Preamble

Review of manuscript by reviewers is not only an essential component of formal scholarly engagement but is also a fundamental step in the publication process as it aids a journal editor in making editorial decisions. It also allows an author to improve the paper via editorial communications. Scholars when they accept to review the research paper have an ethical responsibility to complete this assignment professionally. The quality, credibility and reputation of a journal also depend on the peer review process.

The peer review process depends on trust, and demands that professional involved supposed to fulfill his/her role ethically. These professionals are the momentum arm of this process, but they are may be performing this job without any formal training. As a consequence, they may be (especially young professors) unaware of their ethical obligations. iKSP set out ‘Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers’ so that all peer reviewers provide their valuable services in a standardized manner.

Suitability and Promptness

Peer reviewers should:

  • Inform the editor, if they do not have the subject expertise required to carry out the review and s/he should inform the editor immediately after receiving a request.
  • Be responsible to act promptly and submit review report on time, immediately inform the editor of any possible delays and suggest another date of submission a review report, and
  • Not unnecessarily delaying the review process, either by prolonged delay in submission of their review or by requesting unnecessary additional data/information from the editor or author(s).
  • A reviewer should not, for the purpose of his/her own research, use unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript, without the approval of the editor.
  • The data included in the research paper is required to be kept confidential and the reviewer shall not be allowed to use for his/her any personal study.
  • Reviewer must declare any potentially conflicting interests (e.g. personal, financial, intellectual, professional, political or religious). In this situation, s/he will require to follow journal’s policies on situations they consider to represent a conflict to reviewing.
  • A reviewer should be honest to declare conflicts of interest, if, the research paper under reviews is the same to his/her presently conducted study.
  • If the reviewer feels unqualified to separate his/her bias, s/he should immediately return the manuscript to the editor without review and justify to him/her about this.

Standards of Objectivity

  • Reviews should be objectively carried out with a consideration of high academic, scholarly and scientific standards.
  • All judgments should be meticulously established and maintained in order to ensure the full comprehension of the reviewer’s comments by the editors and the author(s).
  • Both reviewers and author(s) in rebuttal should avoid unsupported assertions.
  • Reviewer may justifiably criticize a manuscript, but it would be inappropriate and impressible to resort to personal criticism on the author(s).
  • Reviewers should ensure that their decision is purely based on the quality of the research paper and not influenced, either positively or negatively, by any personal, financial, or other conflicting considerations or by intellectual biases.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

  • A reviewer should not, for the purpose of his/her own research, use unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript, without the approval of the editor.
  • The data included in the research paper is required to be kept confidential and the reviewer shall not be allowed to use for his/her any personal study.
  • Reviewer must declare any potentially conflicting interests (e.g. personal, financial, intellectual, professional, political or religious). In this situation, s/he will require to follow journal’s policies on situations they consider to represent a conflict to reviewing.
  • A reviewer should be honest to declare conflicts of interest, if, the research paper under reviews is the same to his/her presently conducted study.
  • If the reviewer feels unqualified to separate his/her bias, s/he should immediately return the manuscript to the editor without review and justify to him/her about this.

Confidentiality

  • Reviewers should keep the research paper as a confidential document and must not discuss its content in any platform except in cases where professional advice is being sought with the authorization of the editor, and
  • Reviewers are professionally and ethically bound not to disclose the details of the research paper prior to its publication without the prior approval of the editor.

Ethical Considerations

  • If the reviewer would suspect that the research paper is almost the same of someone else’s work, s/he will ethically inform the editor and provide its citation as a reference.
  • If the reviewer would suspect the results in the research paper to be untrue/unrealistic/fake, s/he will share it with the editor.
  • If there has been an indication for violating the ethical norms in the treatment of human beings (e.g. children, female, poor people, disabled, elderly, etc), then this should be identified to the editor.
  • If the research paper based on any previous research study or is a replica of an earlier work or the work is plagiarized e.g. the author has not acknowledged/referenced others’ work appropriately, then this should be brought in the editor’s knowledge.

Originality

For evaluating originality, peer reviewers should consider the following elements:

  • Does the research paper add to the existing knowledge?
  • Do research questions and/or hypotheses are appropriate to the objective of the research work?

Structure

If the layout and format of the paper are not per prescribed one, the reviewers should discuss it with the editor or should include this observation in his/her review report. On the other side, if the research paper is exceptionally well, the reviewer may overlook the formatting issues. Other times, reviewers may suggest restructuring the paper before publication. The following elements should be carefully evaluated:

  • If there is a serious problem of language expression and the reviewer gets the impression that the research paper does not fulfil the linguistic requirements and readers would face difficulties to read and comprehend the paper. Such a situation would usually arise when the author’s native language is not English. The reviewer should record this deficiency in his/her report and suggest the editor to make its proper editing.
  • The data presented in the paper is original or reproduced from previously conducted or published work. The papers which reflect originality are more likely to be given preference for publication.
  • The clarity of illustrations including photographs, models, charts, images and figures is essential to note. If there is duplication that should be reported in the review report. Similarly, descriptions provided in the ‘results’ section should correspond with the data presented in tables/figures, if not then it should be clearly listed in the review report.
  • Critically review the statistical analysis of the data. Also, check rationale and appropriateness of the specific analysis.
  • Reviewers should read the ‘Methodology’ section in detail and make sure that the author(s) has demonstrated the understanding of the procedures being used and presented in the manuscript.
  • The relationship between ‘Data, findings’ and ‘Discussion’ requires evaluating thoroughly. Unnecessary conjecture or unfounded conclusions that are not based on the presented data are not acceptable.
  • The organization of the research paper is appropriate or deviate from the standard or prescribed format?
  • Does the author(s) follow the guidelines prescribed by the journal for the preparation and submission of the manuscript?
  • Is the research paper free from typographical errors?

The final decision about publishing a research paper (either accept or reject) will solely rest with the editor and it is not a reviewer’s job to take part in this decision. The editor will surely consider the reviewer’s comments and have a right to send the paper for another opinion or send back to the author(s) for its revisions before making the final decision.